The Literary Element of Theme 

Theme is: 
• the focal, fundamental, and controlling thought or knowledge of a work of writing.
• the thought the author wishes to pass on about the subject—the author's perspective on the world or disclosure about human instinct.

The theme isn't: 

• communicated in a solitary word
• the motivation behind a work
• the good
• the contention

Recognizing the Theme in Five Steps

To recognize the subject, be certain that you've initially distinguished the story's plot, the manner in which the story utilizes portrayal, and the essential clash in the story.

Utilize these means to decide the topic for work: 

1. Outline the plot by composing a one-sentence portrayal of the composition, the contention, the rising activity, the peak, the falling activity, and goals.
2. Distinguish the subject of the work.
3. Distinguish the understanding of truth that was found out about the subject.
  • How did the hero change? 
  • What exercise did the hero gain from the goals of the contention? 

4. State how the plot exhibits the essential knowledge or truth about the subject.

5. Keep in touch with at least one summed up, decisive sentences that state what was found out and how it was found out.

Topic Litmus Test 

• Is the topic upheld by proof from the work itself?
• Are all the creator's decisions of plot, character, strife, and tone constrained by this topic?

Finding Themes in Literature 

Hello! What's Going on?!! Big Idea!

• Of an abstract work, that is!

• Themes are as a rule about BIG IDEAS. For model:
    – Freedom
    – Trust
    – Friendship
    – Good versus Underhanded
    – And a whole lot more.

All in all, what is the topic? 

• The theme is the message from the creator.
• Themes can be found all over the place:
    – Literature
    – Art
    – Movies
• The topic of a tale is it's good.
• The topic of an illustration is it's instructing.
• The topic of a bit of writing is its view about existence and how individuals act.

This is the THEME… 

    The theme is the hidden importance of the story.
    It is a generally accepted fact.
    It is a critical proclamation the story is making about society, human instinct or the human condition.

Arrive at the POINT! 

• The theme isn't the TOPIC.
• Theme IS the POINT being made about the Theme.
• The theme is an announcement about LIFE.
• A GOOD topic shows VALUABLE exercise about existence.

Subject and Idea 

• The subject of an artistic work is its hidden focal thought or the speculation it imparts about existence.

The theme... the importance of life? 

• The topic communicates the creator's sentiment or brings up an issue about the human instinct of which means of human experience.


Expressions of the Wise 

• At times the creator's subject may not affirm or concur with your very own convictions.
• Even at that point, if ably composed, the work will at present have a subject that lights up certain parts of genuine human experience.

Discovering… Common Ground 

• The creator's errand is to impart on a shared belief with the peruser.
• Although the points of interest of your experience maybe not quite the same as the subtleties of the story, the generally hidden realities behind the story may be only the association that both you and the essayist are looking for.

You and Theme 

• A comprehension of the subject is reliant upon one's past understanding of life and writing.
• simultaneously, subject in writing can develop one's comprehension of life.


• The topic never totally clarifies the story.
• It is just one of the components that are expected to increase the full comprehension of the story.
• Literary writings can have more than one topic. Finding the Theme
• What is the subject of "Enormous Thought" of the work?
• What do the characters state or do that identifies with the point?
• What do these things tell you that is critical to find out about existence?
• The subject is…
• The BIG IDEA is…
• The characters state…
• The characters do…
• The content lets me know…
• It is critical to…


• Friendship 

• Survival 
• Family 
• Love and Hate 
• Life and Death 
• War and Peace 
• Motherhood and Parenthood 
• Poverty and Wealth 
• Freedom 
• Patriotism 
• Education 
• Homelessness 
• Prejudice 
• Honesty 
• Land 
• Laws and Justice 

Typically Speaking 

• Questions to get some information about the subject and characters: 
    – How does the character change? 
    – What made him/her change? 
    – What exercises did the character learn? 
    – What are the characters' emotions about what occurs in the story? 
    – What clashes do the characters take part in and what occurs subsequently?

1. The mission for interminability 

• "Outsider, stop and cast an eye. As you are presently, so used to be I. As I am present, so you will be, Plan for death and tail me." 

(Tribute in a European religious community) 

2. The person's relationship furthermore, commitment to society. 

• Sometimes called "man versus society" 

3. The person's internal adventure to get him or herself/personality. 

4. The person's relationship, what's more, commitment to the regular world. 

• Sometimes called "man versus nature" 

5. How the equity and foul play are chosen. 

6. The person as a legend: what it intends to be a legend or screw-up. 

7. Being a "survivor." 

8. The person's understanding of distance or despondency 

9. The craftsman's relationship, what's more, commitment to society. 

10. What tomorrow's reality holds for us… aKa "The Future" 

11. LOVE: 

    • Marriage 
    • Romance 
    • Platonic or companionate love 
    • Altruistic love 
    • Love of Country 
    • Admiration 
    • Possessiveness 
    • Intense reliance 
    • Logical-reasonable love 
    • Self-focused love 
    • Game-Playing 
    • Unrequited love 
    • Godly love 
    • Familial love 
    • Infatuation 
    • Physical fascination 
    • Jealousy 

12. Job of Institutions 

• Sometimes called "man versus the foundation" Topics?

Themes List


• Things are not generally as they show up. 
• Things are normally not as awful as you might suspect they will be. 
• Look for the brilliant coating. 
• Beauty is quite shallow. 
• Prejudice prompts wrong decisions, brutality, bogus discernments, an endless loop, persecution. 
    --Don't pass judgment superficially.
    --Mercy triumphs over judgment. 
• Beware of outsiders. 
• People from different societies are actually quite much like us. 
• Look before you jump. 

• Believe in yourself. To succeed, we should initially accept that we can. 
• Believe one who has demonstrated it. Accept a specialist. 
• The thing consistently happens that you truly put stock in, and the confidence in a thing gets it going. 
• One needs something to put stock in, something for which one can have entire hearted excitement. 
• insofar as individuals have confidence in absurdities, they will keep on carrying out outrages. 
• Moral distrust can bring about separation, briskness, and cold-bloodedness. 

• People fear change however things consistently change. 
• Things are typically not as terrible as you might suspect they will be. 
• Knowledge can assist us in getting ready for what's to come. 
• Forewarned is forearmed. 
• It is difficult to be sure about things. 

Great and Evil 
• Good triumphs over shrewdness.
• Evil is rebuffed and great is compensated. 
• Power defiles and outright power taints totally. 
• Bullies can be survived. 
• Good habits have positive outcomes. 
• Greed prompts negative results: enduring, calamity, fiasco, fiendish, hardness, pomposity, 
• It is conceivable to make due despite seemingly insurmountable opposition. 
• Jealousy prompts negative results: blame, hatred, dejection, brutality, frenzy. 
• Good and fiendishness exist together. 

• Treat others as you need to be dealt with. 
• Act sympathetic without looking for extreme reasons. Practice arbitrary demonstrations of generosity. 
• Love is visually impaired. 
• Love triumphs over all: loathe, narrow-mindedness, brutality, catastrophe, passing 
• Love each other. 
• Love your neighbor. 
• Non-human creatures are creatures with rights that merit insurance. 

Love (proceeded) 

• Friends are an individual's most important belonging. 
• Blood is thicker than water. 
• When in adoration, one must endure. 
• Love is power for bliss and satisfaction. 
• One ought to be happy to forfeit for the individual one loves. 

Governmental issues 
• Follow the guidelines. 
• Our arrangement of government is superior to different frameworks. 
• Our arrangement of government would be better on the off chance that we would change. 
• Rules are there to ensure and support us. 
• Personal opportunities, similar to those recorded in the United States Bill of Rights, are great and vital. 
• Personal opportunities have gone too far and must be reduced. 
• Freedom can't exist without moral duty. 
• Freedom merits battling (orbiting the dust) for. 
• Peace merits battling (orbiting the dust) for. 
• Our arrangement of government merits battling (orbiting the dust) for. 

Growing up 
• Growing up is an extraordinary time of life. 
• Growing up is a test for everybody. 
• It takes a town to bring up a youngster. 
• It takes a family to bring up a youngster. 
• Good correspondence between ages prompts: fulfillment, seeing, better connections, 

• Too much desire drives negative outcomes: implosion, begrudge, voracity, mental issues, defeat. 
• One needs desire so as to succeed. 
• Hard work can bring an incredible prize. 
• We develop little attempting to be incredible. 
• Goals are dreams we convert to plans and make a move to satisfy. 

Mental fortitude and Fear 
• Understanding sentiments of weakness. 
• Accepting a test prompts positive outcomes. 
• One can be brave and weak simultaneously. 
• Courage isn't the nonappearance of dread, but instead the judgment that something different is a higher priority than dread. 
• Courage is protection from dread, the dominance of dread, not nonappearance of dread. 
• Face your feelings of dread. 
• Where dread is available, astuteness can't be. 
• I have not stopped being frightful, however, I have stopped to let dread control me. 

• Actions express stronger than words. 
• It's not the blessing that matters. 
• Don't fret over nothing. 
• It is hard to state who does the most mischief: foes with the most noticeably awful goals or companions with the best. 

• Knowledge is control. 
• Ignorance is euphoria. 
• Ignorance is never superior to information. 
• If you have information, use it to help other people. 
• Know your adversary. 
• Too much learning is a risky thing. 
• Be interested consistently! For information won't secure you: you should procure it. 

• Never surrender. 
• Try, attempt once more. 
• When you arrive at the finish of your rope, tie a bunch and hold tight. 
• The race isn't generally to the quick, however to the individuals who continue running. 
• To ensure the individuals who are not ready to secure themselves is an obligation that each one owes to society. 
• It is smarter to light a flame than to revile the murkiness. 
• Our obligation is to be valuable, not as indicated by our wants, yet as per our forces. 

• Enjoy life while you can. 
• Happiness isn't having what you need. It is needing what you have. 
• Happiness isn't a station you land at, however a way of voyaging. 
• The Grand basics of satisfaction are something to do, something to love, and something to trust for. 
• Happiness relies on ourselves. 
• To facilitate another's sorrow is to overlook one's own. 

• You can trick a portion of the individuals constantly, and the entirety of the individuals a portion of the time, yet you can not trick the entirety of the individuals constantly. 
• Believe the individuals who are looking for reality; question the individuals who discover it. 
• Everyone is qualified for their own feeling, yet not their own realities. 
• Nothing is simpler than self-trickery. For what each man wishes, that he additionally accepts to be valid. 
• the reality which has made us an unrestrained choice, at last, make us happy moreover. 
• Falsehood is simple, the truth so troublesome. 
• Oh, what a tangled web we weave, when first we practice hoodwinking!

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